Large: 17-08-05_JeffreySchaler-AddictionisaChoice



A leader is a dealer in hope ….. The only conquests which are permanent and leave no regrets are our conquests over ourselves  …… Women are nothing but machines for producing children ……. If we could read the past histories of all our enemies we would disregard all hostility for them ……. The word impossible is not in my dictionary ……… History is the version of past events that people have decided to agree upon. ………. Great people are like meteors: they flash and burn and give light to the world. ……. Ability is nothing without opportunity. … The only victories which leave no regret are those which are gained over ignorance. – Napoleon Bonaparte.

Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars. As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 until 1814, and again briefly in 1815 (during the Hundred Days). Napoleon dominated European and global affairs for more than a decade while leading France against a series of coalitions in the Napoleonic Wars. He won most of these wars and the vast majority of his battles, building a large empire that ruled over continental Europe before its final collapse in 1815. One of the greatest commanders in history, his wars and campaigns are studied at military schools worldwide. Napoleon’s political and cultural legacy has endured as one of the most celebrated and controversial leaders in human history.
» IG: 16-09-16_mcveigh-finaljihad; 17-08-05_genjcartwright-perfectinformation.


Plato: Man is a being in search of meaning.

Man is a being in search of meaning – Plato.


James Frey: What is the meaning of life?

What is the meaning of life? Whatever you want it to be. – James Frey


Jeffery Schaler: Addiction is a Choice

“. . . Jeff Schaler has managed in one short book . . . to piss off most of the addiction universe–and to turn on their head many of the most cherished concepts that addiction experts have believed and promulgated for eons. This is a remarkable accomplishment.”
–Arnold S. Trebach, Ph.D., J.D., Professor Emeritus, Department of Justice, Law and Society, School of Public Affairs, American University; Founder of the Drug Policy Foundation.

From the book jacket:
‘Addiction’ is a fine old English word meaning commitment, dedication, devotion, inclination, bent, or attachment.
“Particular addictions may be good or bad. Some folk are addicted to music, others to books, others to walks in the country. Some are addicted to a religious doctrine or community, be it the Roman Catholic, the Mormon, or the Zen Buddhist. Others are addicted to a political philosophy, like liberalism, socialism, or anarchism, or to a ’cause’, like animal rights or free trade.
“Some people are addicted to another person: perhaps their spouse, perhaps their latest flame. Others are addicted to a habit, like getting up early every morning. Michelangelo was addicted to painting and sculpting, Einstein was addicted to physics, Proust was addicted to writing, Gandhi was addicted to independence for India. Many others, of course, have been equally addicted to these pursuits, but have lacked exceptional talent.
“Sometimes addictions fade gradually. The ardent lover becomes the jaded husband, or the heavy drinker of alcohol gradually moderates. Other times, one addiction is suddenly replaced by another: the ardent lover of x becomes the ardent lover of y, or the heavy drinker becomes instead a born-again Christian. Malcolm X relates how converts to the Nation of Islam quickly abandoned any of their former drug-taking habits.
“An addiction is not exactly the same as habit, though one can be addicted to a habit. John Stuart Mill refers to ‘A man who causes grief to his family by addiction to bad habits.’ Addiction is a fondness for, or orientation toward, some thing or activity, because it has meaning, because it is considered valuable or even sacred. In some cases, people may be addicted to something because they find it enjoyable, and this, of course, also reflects their values: such a person believes that the right way to live is to seek enjoyment.
“Human life is always involved with addictions, and would be wretched and worthless, perhaps even impossible, without addictions. Addico, ergo sum. Yet human life can be devastated or horribly blighted by ill-chosen addictions. A simple example would be that of an adolescent drawn into an apparently warm and benevolent religious group, which only gradually comes forth in its true colors as a destructive cult of collective suicide. Another example might be a young person in the 1930s, becoming a Communist or a National Socialist.
“Addictions are indispensable. Addictions–and only addictions–can open us up to all that makes life rich and fulfilling. Yet addictions can also have appalling consequences. The conclusion is clear: choose your addictions very carefully! Nothing is more vital for a young person than to select the right addictions. Addictions we approve of are called ‘virtues’. Addictions we disapprove of are called ‘vices’.
“In recent years, the word ‘addiction’ has come to be used with quite a different meaning. It is now taken to refer to any activity which individuals engage in, deliberately and consciously, and are physically unable to stop themselves pursuing. Thus (it is claimed) the heroin addict cannot refrain from injecting himself with heroin, the alcohol addict or ‘alcoholic’ cannot refrain from swallowing alcoholic beverages, Bill Clinton cannot refrain
from having sexual relations with his subordinates, the overspending housewife cannot refrain from buying ‘unnecessary’ things in stores, and the compulsive gambler cannot stop gambling.
“In this newfangled sense of ‘addiction’, I maintain that ‘addiction’ is a myth. I deny that there is any such thing as ‘addiction’, in the sense of a deliberate and conscious course of action which the person literally cannot stop doing. According to my view of the world, the heroin addict can stop injecting himself with heroin, the alcohol addict can stop himself from swallowing whisky, and so forth. People are responsible for their deliberate and conscious behavior.
– Jeffery Schaler: Addiction is a Choice.