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The Final Jihad – Martin Keating | Final Jihad – Timothy McVeigh | The Third Terrorist – Jayna Davis | The Greatest Jihad – Muhammad | Conquer One’s Self – Plato | Secrets Worth Dying For: Timothy McVeigh and the Oklahoma City Bombing – David Paul Hammer & Jeffery William Paul | Conquests over Ourselves – Napoleon Bonapart | Peak Everything – Richard Heinberg | The Party’s Over – Richard Heinberg | Man’s Search for Meaning – Plato | Putin’s Long Shadow | Balochistan Karez Irrigation Tunnel | Victories over Ignorance – Napoleon Bonaparte | Greatest Jihad: Truth to the King – Hadith | Seeing Beyond the Shadows & Lies of their Culture – Plato | Men Yielding up the Privilege of Thinking Shadows – Thomas Paine | Shadow Warrior: William Egan Colby & the CIA – Randall B Woods | The Shadow World: Inside the Global Arms Trade – Andrew Feinstein | Alsation Chasing/Playing with his Shadow | Others Unknown: Timothy McVeigh and the Oklahoma City Bombing – Stephen Jones


A leader is a dealer in hope ….. The only conquests which are permanent and leave no regrets are our conquests over ourselves  …… Women are nothing but machines for producing children ……. If we could read the past histories of all our enemies we would disregard all hostility for them ……. The word impossible is not in my dictionary ……… History is the version of past events that people have decided to agree upon. ………. Great people are like meteors: they flash and burn and give light to the world. ……. Ability is nothing without opportunity. … The only victories which leave no regret are those which are gained over ignorance. – Napoleon Bonaparte.

Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars. As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 until 1814, and again briefly in 1815 (during the Hundred Days). Napoleon dominated European and global affairs for more than a decade while leading France against a series of coalitions in the Napoleonic Wars. He won most of these wars and the vast majority of his battles, building a large empire that ruled over continental Europe before its final collapse in 1815. One of the greatest commanders in history, his wars and campaigns are studied at military schools worldwide. Napoleon’s political and cultural legacy has endured as one of the most celebrated and controversial leaders in human history.


Putin’s Long Shadow

He casts a long shadow over globe. Russian leader Vladimir Putin has outlasted three American presidents and is on track to stay in power until 2024. His incursions in Georgia, the Crimea and Ukraine have rattled the West, while his crackdowns inside Russia have riled his democratic opponents.

But a joint investigation by the fifth estate and PBS’ Frontline reveals an even darker side to one of the most powerful leaders in the world: Allegations of criminal activity dating as far back as his early days as a top official in St. Petersburg; ties to organized crime and money-laundering activities; and a secret personal fortune said to be in the billions.

“Putin’s Long Shadow” also raises disturbing questions about the role the Russian security services played in four apartment building bombings in Moscow and other cities in 1999 that killed nearly 300 people – a tragedy Putin blamed on terrorists and used to cement his power.

Host Gillian Findlay talks to a senior police officer who tried to arrest Putin on corruption charges; an investigator who was jailed for asking too many questions about the apartment bombings; and Russian businessmen who detail the levels of corruption and collusion.
» CBC: Putin’s Long Shadow. Salman Qadir: Putin’s Long Shadow.


Balochistan Karez Irrigation Tunnel

Karez is a human-made underground channel that passively taps the groundwater, conveys it by gravity through that channel to villages at the valley floor, where it becomes their lifeblood. These structures are found all over West Asia, Central Asia, North Africa, Spain and even as far as Peru, Mexico and Japan.

Karezes are not just irrigation structures, as I found out; they are in fact the bond that holds the social, economic and cultural life of the communities. Balochistan is one place in South Asia perhaps, where if you ask somebody how much land they have, they would generally have no idea. Land is infinite in Balochistan. It is water that matters in that arid realm. People’s social station is not determined by their landholdings in Balochistan but by the size of their share of water in a karez.

Karez water is perpetually flowing and that water is divided into 24 hour cycles called Shabanas. A karez, depending upon its size may have anywhere from 18 to 32 shabanas divided up between the karez shareholders, with individual rights ranging from a few minutes of water right to a week of water.

But, even if one has a few minutes of water right in a karez, a shareholder (shareeq, plural shuraqa) gets to have the standing of a country gentleman in the community and gets to sit in a jirga and weigh in on collective decisions.

Karez is an incredibly equitable system between upstream and downstream users. A water user who has the first parcel of land along a karez water course, also has the last parcel of land on that channel. The one with the second parcel of land also has the second to last parcel of land and so forth. This ensures that everybody in the community has an equal stake in maintaining the entire water course, unlike in Punjab where the upstream water users invariably make out like bandits at the expense of the downstream water users.
» Dawn: Water, culture and identity in Balochistan [archive.is/I1i6i]; Cloudmind: Balochistan and some amazing photos of Balochistan [archive.is/GiLs6]
» IG: Re: Balochistan: 16-09-04_tiergartenstrasse-stanmcchrystalgardeners.